Feminism is “social equality between men and women“. Feminism is a category of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a goal of defining, establishing, and achieving political, economic, personal, and social gender equality. This includes establishing educational and professional opportunities for women in the same way as men.
The aim of feminist theories is to understand the nature and causes of gender inequality and to explain the politics of gender discrimination resulting from it and its impact on the principles of balance of power. The emphasis of political campaigning on women’s discourse is reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay rights, sexual harassment, discrimination, and sexual violence.
The basic statement of the ideal of feminist discourse remains that gender should not be the basis of legal rights. The main criticism of modern feminist discourse has always been that its principles and philosophy have been mainly based on western values and philosophy. However, at the grassroots level, feminist discourse remains active at its level in every country and geographical boundaries, and every area has its own problems of feminist discourse.
According to sociologists, the first wave of feminism lasted from 1830 to 1920. In this, women raised the demand for legal and social equality. The second wave came in 1960, in which the issue of political equality was raised. Along with this, it raised questions about the misdeeds made towards women in gender and sexuality. This was followed by the third and most talked about the wave of feminism. It was reactionary. In an article written in 1992, Rebecca Walker said that all women should fight for their rights. Do not eat food with men, do not make relations with them, until women get the rights related to their life and body. The third wave was mentioned in this article for the first time.
The reason behind the creation of the term “Feminism” is that women were still more in need of social equality and still exist today. Even today, the status of women is considered inferior to men. Even today girls are considered to be alienated wealth and a burden on the family. The practice of dowry continues to haunt girls. Even today, most parents either produce children or get involved in misdeeds such as female feticide, rather than having a son in the family. Even today, after marrying a well-educated, employed girl, it is expected that she should sit at home, have children and raise them.
But this movement is not only in the interest of women. It is not that feminism does not say or do anything in the interest of men. While feminism believes that the role of women is beyond the home and child, feminism also says that being male is not just a strong, tough, earner for the home. Victims of rape or domestic violence can not only be women, but can also be men, and our law requires a lot of recognition and recognition.
Feminism believes that
- It is mandatory for women and men to have social equality.
- Social rules that discriminate between women and men must be contradicted.
- A woman is not just a mother, sister, daughter, daughter-in-law, wife or goddess. A man is not just a protector, a forceful, earner.
- The girl is neither alien nor a burden to mother and father. The boy is not a means to carry the dynasty, nor is he responsible for the care of the house and mother and father alone.
- The duty of a woman is not just to take care of the house, have children and raise them. The duty of a man is only to read and write, to do the job and to bear the expenses of the family.
- It is very important to get equal opportunity, importance, and role without any discrimination. Feminism demands that nobody should be based on their gender.
What are the goals of feminism?
- Equal right to be born.
- Equal right for every child to read, play, and get a healthy upbringing.
- Equality in professional life.
- The fundamental right to take life decisions.