A national park is an area that has been formally protected by the administrative system of a nation. There are more than 500 sanctuaries in India, which are called wildlife sanctuaries. Many national parks were previously wildlife sanctuaries. Some wildlife sanctuaries hold national importance due to the preservation of some of their main animal species. Haley National Park is the first national park in India which was formed in 1936, now known as Jim Corbett National Park.
Hale National Park, the first national park in India, was established in the year 1936, at present the park is known as Jim Corbett National Park. Till 1970 there were only 5 national parks in India. Projects like Wildlife Conservation Act and Project Tiger passed in the year 1972 were implemented properly for the protection of wildlife. below is the famous National parks in India.
Indravati National Park
Indravati National Park is a national park located in Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh state. Its name is derived from the nearby Indravati River. It is one of the last populations of rare wild buffalo. Indravati National Park is the finest and most famous wildlife park in Chhattisgarh. It is one of the two project tiger sites along with Udanti-Sitanadi in Chhattisgarh, Indravati National Park is located in Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh.
Created (date or year): 1975
State (Location): Chhattisgarh
Area (sq km): 1,258.4
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Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India. It was established in 1936 to protect the endangered Bengal tigers. It is located in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand and is named after Jim Corbett, who played an important role in its establishment. This was the first garden to come under the Project Tiger initiative. Its area is 520.82 square miles.
Establishment: 1936 (as National Park)
Location: Spread over the city of Ramnagar, Nainital and Pauri District of Uttarakhand, India
Area (sq km) : 1318.54
Sundarban National Park
The Sundarbans, the world’s largest delta, cover 10,200 sq km, spread across India and Bangladesh. The part of the forest that falls within the Indian border is called the Sundarbans National Park. It is in the southern part of West Bengal. The Sundarbans cover an area of 38,500 sq km. One-third of it is made of water/marsh. There are a large number of beautiful trees in this forest. The Sunderbans are world famous for Royal Bengal Tiger.
Created (date or year): 1984
State (Location): West Bengal
Area (sq km): 1,330.1
The Gir National Park
The Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is the last refuge of the Asiatic lion population. The park is spread over an area of 1412 sq km of Gujarat. According to the 14th census of Asiatic lions in May 2015, their population had increased to 523.it is a famous National Park in India.
State (Location): Gujarat
Area (sq km): 1,412.0
Khangchendzonga National Park
Khangchendzonga National Park also Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve is a National Park. it is located in Sikkim, India. It was inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list in July 2016, becoming the first “Mixed Heritage” site of India.
State (Location): Sikkim
Area (sq km): 1,784.0
Gangotri National Park
Gangotri National Park is a national park located in Uttarakhand, India. this park cover 1553 sq km area. The garden is famous for the beauty of coniferous forests and the grandeur of the glacial world combined with lush green meadows. The northeast border of the park is along the international border with Tibet. Gangotri National Park was established in 1989. Its total area is spread over 1553 square kilometers, average height above the surface is 7083 meters.
State (Location): Uttarakhand
Area (sq km): 2,390.0
Hemis National Park
Hemis National Park (or Hemis High Altitude National Park) is a high altitude national park in the eastern Ladakh region of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India. The park was established in 1981 by preserving the Rumbuck and Marcha Catchment, which is an area of about 600 km square (230 sq mi). It increased to 3,350 km sq (1,290 sq mi) in 1988, incorporating neighboring lands. It increased again in 1990 to 4,400 km (1,700 sq mi) and is the largest national park in South Asia. The park is located within the Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau Alpine Step Eco-region. its also known as “Home of snow Leopard”.
State (Location): Jammu and Kashmir
Area (sq km): 4,400.0