Lohri is a famous festival of the state of Punjab, in India, it is also celebrated with pomp in some northern states like Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh but in Punjab, it is given the highest recognition. Lohri marks the end of the winter season. Hence it is a seasonal festival Lohri is celebrated on the last night of Paush month and till the morning of Makar Sankranti.
A variety of small and big festivals are celebrated in all seasons of the year, Patzhad, Sawan and Basant, one of the major festivals being Lohri which is celebrated on 13 January, the last night of Paush month, with the arrival of spring. On the next day, the month of Magh is celebrated as Maghi.
Celebration around fire
On the evening of Lohri, people burn wood and dance around the fire and sing and offer sacrifices, peanuts, kheel, maize seeds in the fire. People orbiting fire and sitting around the fire make the people fire. During this time Revdi, Kheel, Gajjak, enjoy eating corn.
On the day of Lohri, special dishes are made in which gajak, revdi, peanuts, sesame-jaggery laddus, maize bread and mustard greens are prominent. A few days before Lohri, young children start collecting wood, nuts, revries, peanuts for Lohri by singing songs of Lohri.
Celebration of newlyweds, sister, daughter, and children
Lohri festival holds special significance for Punjabis. In the house where a new marriage or child has taken place, they are specially congratulated. On this day, sisters and daughters are called home with great love.
It is said that this festival is celebrated in memory of Loi, the wife of Saint Kabir. It is also believed that after rescuing the girls named Sundari and Mundri from the king, a robber named Dulla Bhatti got them married to good boys.
According to mythological beliefs, this festival is celebrated as a sacrifice of Sati. According to the story, when Prajapati Daksha jumped into the fire of sacrifice Shiva’s wife Sati committed self-immolationThis festival is celebrated in memory of the same day.
Sunder mundriye ho!
Sunder mundriye ho!
Tera kaun vicaharaa ho!
Dullah bhatti walla ho!
Dullhe di dhee vyayae ho!
Ser shakkar payee ho!
Kudi da laal pathaka ho!
Kudi da saalu paatta ho!
Salu kaun samete!
Chache choori kutti! zamidara lutti!
bade bhole aaye!
Ek bhola reh gaya!
Sipahee far ke lai gaya!
Sipahee ne mari eet! ho! ho! ho! ho!
The festival of Makkar Sankranti is one of the major festivals of the Hindu religion, which is celebrated when the sun rises. Makker Sankranti festival maximum celebrated in north India. The special thing about this festival is that it is celebrated not on different dates like other festivals, but only on January 14 every year, when the sun passes through the Tropic of Capricorn on Uttarayan.
Sometimes it is celebrated a day before or after, i.e. on 13 or 15 January, but it happens rarely. Makar Sankranti is directly related to the geography of the Earth and the position of the Sun. Whenever the sun comes on the Makar Rekha, the day is January 14, so on this day, the festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated.
New crop is welcomed in Punjab, Himachal and Haryana at this time, pulses and rice khichdi have become the main identity of this festival. Especially eating khichdi with jaggery and ghee is important. On this day, getting up early in the morning is done by boiling sesame and taking a bath. On this day small children wear peanuts and dried fruit necklaces. Makar Sankranti is also called the festival of bath and charity. On this day, bathing in the pilgrimage and holy rivers is of great importance, as well as donating sesame, jaggery, khichdi, fruit, and zodiac, one gets virtue. It is also believed that Surya Dev is pleased with the donation made on this day. Apart from all these beliefs, the festival of Makar Sankranti is an added excitement. On this day, flying kites also have special significance and people do kite flying.