Everyone knows about Srimanta Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, one of the heroic sons of India. Many people call him the Hindu heart emperor, while some people call him Maratha pride, while he was the great general of the Indian Republic. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was born on 19 February 1630 in a Maratha family. Some people state his birth in 1627. His full name was Shivaji Bhonsle. Shivaji was the son of father Shahaji and mother Jijabai. His birth place is the fort of Shivneri located near Pune. An attempt to establish a sovereign independent rule in the whole of India was made by the exclusive priest of independence, Veer Pravar Shivaji Maharaj, to free the nation from foreign and militant state power. Similarly, he is accepted as a leading hero and immortal freedom fighter. Like Maharana Pratap, Veer Shivaji was a living symbol and symbol of nationalism.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was very fond of forts. During his reign, he got many such forts built which are still intact. Born on 19 February 1630, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is known for his bravery and bravery. So today we will learn about the forts built by him on the occasion of his birthday. Which are especially known for their huge and amazing architecture.
Pratapgad Fort in Satara, Maharashtra tells the story of Shivaji’s valor. This fort is also known by the war in Pratapgarh. Shivaji built this fort on behalf of the Neera and Koyna rivers for the protection of the state. Pratapgad Fort, situated at an altitude of 1000 meters above sea level, was completed in 1665. From this fort there was a war between Chhatrapati Shivaji and Afzal Khan on 10 November 1656 in which Shivaji won. This victory of Pratapgad Fort is considered as the foundation for the Maratha Empire.
Lohagad Fort is one of the hill forts of Maharashtra. It is located in Lonavala, 52 km from Pune. The fort was used exclusively to keep the looted goods from Surat. Later it was used for living and huge tanks and stairs were also constructed inside the fort.
Chhatrapati Shivaji built the Indus fort on the Konkan coast. Indus fort means sea fort. There is Sindhudurg Fort near Konkan, 450 km from Mumbai. It took three years to build this fort. Sindhudurg Fort is spread over 48 acres. The outer door of the fort is designed in such a way that even the needle cannot travel. There are 3 reservoirs in the fort which never dry up whereas in the summer season the village reservoirs dry up completely.
The famous Raigad Fort is built on the Mahad hill in Raigad district of Maharashtra. Located at an altitude of 820 meters above sea level, this fort is also one of the magnificent forts built by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj which is now used as a prison. The coronation of Shivaji Maharaj also took place here. There are 1737 stairs to reach the fort but now ropeways are also being used to reach here. From which the fort can be reached at the top in just 20 minutes.
Purandar Fort is at Saswad village, 50 km from Pune. The rule of Shivaji Maharaj started with winning this fort. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb captured this fort in 1665, which was rescued by Shivaji after just five years and hoisted the Maratha flag on the fort of Purandar. This fort has a tunnel leading to the outside of the fort. This tunnel was used by Shivaji to go out during the war.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Ja was born in this fort. Shivneri Fort is in Junnar village near Pune, Maharashtra. Within this fort is the temple of Mata Shivai, after whom Shivaji was named. There are two sources of sweet water in this fort which people call Ganga-Jamuna. People say that they drain water throughout the year. There is a deep moat around the fort which used to protect the Shivneri Fort. There are many caves in this fort which are now closed. It is said that Shivaji practiced guerrilla warfare inside these caves.