Bronchitis is a respiratory disorder where the mucous membranes found in the lung passage become inflamed. Bronchitis is characterized by spells of phlegm, breath, and cough that occur when the throat membrane becomes dry and thick. This causes the airways in the lungs to be narrowed or closed. Bronchitis can be classified into two types, chronic bronchitis, and acute bronchitis. Hacking acute bronchitis can cause coughing, the infection is viral and is caused by bacteria. Whereas, chronic bronchitis is a long-term disease and requires immediate medical treatment. Contributing to triggering symptoms of acute bronchitis. If you are a regular smoker, it is extremely difficult for you to recover. Cigarette smoke destroys small hairs in your lungs. These structures help in brushing off excess mucus, irritants, and debris. Continuous damage to the Silla increases the likelihood of developing chronic bronchitis. May cause permanent damage to Silla. This condition is called COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and one has difficulty breathing.
It is cold weather. In such a situation, the problem of cold and cough is common, but if there is cough for several consecutive days and there is also a problem of mucus, then it can be bronchitis. Symptoms include a persistent cough, headache, difficulty breathing and difficulty in breathing. The way the breath comes and goes in the lungs, that organ is called the respiratory tract. Bronchitis can occur if there are irritation and swelling in the respiratory tract. This creates more mucus. Bronchitis is also called inflammation of the bronchial tubes.
Types of Bronchitis
Acute bronchitis and chronic bronchitis. Only time and condition differ between the two.
Speaking of acute bronchitis, it is caused by breathing or viruses between things like dust, smoke, air pollution, tobacco smoke. Acute bronchitis is very common. Bacteria can also cause this to happen. Its symptoms are usually cold and cold, with a runny nose, cough, and mild headache. Acute bronchitis improves in one to one and a half weeks. If the condition is not improving even after this period and the condition lasts for more than 18-20 days, then the doctor should be contacted.
Chronic bronchitis is a serious illness and the most common cause is cigarette smoking. In this disease, coughing increases over time and can sometimes last for months.
Fever and fatigue are the two main symptoms. If fever is 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit and chest pain, cough with cold, consult a doctor. Pneumonia occurs in 1 in 20 cases of bronchitis. This happens only when the infection spreads to the lungs.
Symptoms of Bronchitis
- High fever
- coughing up blood
- Pain in chest
- persistent cough
- Headache and body aches
- blocked nose
Diagnosis and treatment of Bronchitis
Lifestyle changes are necessary to reduce the symptoms of bronchitis. First of all, keep the distance from smoking and do not come in contact with anything that irritates the lungs. Avoid visiting dusty, smokey areas. Even at home, try to keep the air moist. If symptoms of bronchitis are seen then take more liquid than usual. Be neither too cold nor too hot in the air.
Do not come in contact with someone with cold or acute bronchitis because it is prone to infection. It occurs when the bronchitis is caused by a virus or bacteria. Therefore, if someone sneezes or coughs, the infection can spread to others.
Drinking water dilutes the mucus present in the lungs. Tea of Moolin (a type of medicine) also provides relief in this condition. Exercise regularly to keep the lungs healthy. Doctors recommend inhalers and oxygen therapy to some patients.
Patients with bronchiectasis should consult an experienced thoracic or chest surgeon. Always go to a hospital where there is a lung surgery and where there is 24-hour reduced availability of a thoracic surgeon.
For effective treatment of the disease, it is necessary to find and control its causes. Antibiotics should be used properly to treat this disease. Every effort should be made to remove the thick mucus in the damaged mother-in-law tube. Certain drugs such as bronchodilators, mucolytic agents are found to be very effective.
Role of surgery for Bronchitis
The operation has an important role in the treatment of bronchiectasis. If any part of the lung is destroyed due to this disease, then it is wise to get it removed by a thoracic surgeon soon, otherwise, the healthy lung and its surroundings will also be diseased. Sometimes the patient suffers from excessive bleeding with cough, which can lead to the death of a person suffering from this disease. Remember, if bronchiectasis has spread to both lungs, in this case, there is no option other than lung transplant or transplant.